During the Launch phase there are 2 types of applications that can be made, namely:
1. Sunrise Applications
These applications include the use of a Validation Token (VT) or a Signed Mark Data (SMD) file. These files show that the applicant for the domain has a prior right associated with the domain, therefore their application should be given a higher priority over all other applications. The applicant would have obtained the VT from the Mark Validation System, or the SMD from the ICANN TMCH.
The applicant will provide the VT or SMD to the registrar and the registrar must use the file in accordance with the Launch technical specification to process the application.
2. Landrush Applications
These applications must be made for domain names where the applicant does not have a prior right (VT or SMD). Such domain names are usually generic names or highly sought-after names. This means that anyone may apply for them.
Applicants must be aware that certain names have got prior rights associated with them. This means that domain names have validated rights in the MVS or TMCH which must be noted. When processing a Landrush Application, registrars might receive a Claims Notice ID. If this happens, it means that there exists a prior right to that domain name. The registrar must obtain a Claims Notice and present it to the applicant. The applicant may choose to acknowledge that they are aware of the prior right and proceeed with the application.